Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth.
Several warning signs that can signal a problem:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
It is possible to have periodontal disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important.
Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed.
Gum disease can be approached in different ways depending on the severity and needs of the patient. Nonsurgical treatment includes:
- Scaling and root planning treatment:This procedure is a specific treatment which serves to remove unwanted microorganisms, toxins and tartar, from the root of the tooth. The root of the tooth is literally smoothed in order to promote good healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces helps bacteria from easily colonizing in future.Following these deep cleaning procedures, the gum pockets may be treated with antibiotics. This will soothe irritation and help the gum tissues to heal quickly.
During the next appointment, the dentist or hygienist will thoroughly examine the gums again to see how well the pockets have healed. If the gum pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth, additional and more intensive treatments may be recommended.
- Laser Gum treatment:Laser gum treatment is an advanced technique to treat periodontal (gum) disease and save many teeth that were previously considered hopeless. A laser light is used to gently remove harmful bacteria and diseased tissue from the gum pocket. This allows the body to heal naturally so that the gum pockets improve and the teeth become more stable. The laser is a wonderful tool that will help many patients bring themselves to more healthy state.Laser treatment is a patient-friendly, minimally-invasive procedure that’s a great improvement over standard gum surgery, there’s no cutting and no suturing, There’s much less discomfort with the laser Protocol than with standard surgery — during and after the procedure.
It takes less time than traditional surgery. All it takes is two 2-hour visits to the dentist and two follow up visits. Traditional surgery requires four sessions of about one hour each, with subsequent visits for suture removal and additional check-ups.
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